Gay, Lesbian, and Bisexual Information on tv. To resolve the set that is first of concerns about the prevalence
To resolve the initial collection of research concerns concerning the prevalence of nonheterosexual product on tv, we utilized episode-level data ( ag e.g., percentages of episodes containing same-sex intimate behavior and containing speak about intercourse associated with nonheterosexuals) and chi-square analyses to look at between-group distinctions with your nominal information. For the 2nd group of research concerns, we used just those implies that included nonheterosexual intimate content and evaluated their regularity across 2-minute periods ( ag e.g., wide range of periods each hour of system time with nonheterosexual intimate talk). For those analyses, we used t-tests or analysis of variance (ANOVA) to evaluate team distinctions. Significant omnibus F-tests were followed up with post hoc comparisons utilizing Tamhane’s T2 test, which will not assume cell that is equal or equal variance, to spot significant distinctions across groups.
Prevalence of Nonheterosexual Sexual Information
About one out of six programs inside our examples included any content that is sexualbehavior or talk) pertaining to nonheterosexuals. dining Table 1 shows the portion of suggests that contained any same-sex intimate behavior and any intimate talk associated with nonheterosexuals by system genres, by style of community, and also by time of day aired. For system type, the 11 channels had been categorized into certainly one of three groups: commercial broadcast (including the 3 major systems ABC, CBS, and NBC in addition to Fox, UPN, and WB), cable music activity (including BET and MTV), and premium cable film (which included Cinemax, HBO, and Showtime). Pertaining to period of broadcast, were classified as prime-time day.
Dining Table 1
Note: Within variety of network and period of day aired, percentages into the exact same column that don’t share subscripts vary at p dining Table 1 ). More often than not, there clearly was a top level of communication from a genre’s general positions for same-sex behavior that is sexual mention nonheterosexual intimate problems. Furthermore, genres’ standings on both these factors had been fairly stable over the two tv seasons.
Three genres had been regularly reduced in both types of nonheterosexual sexual content: Children’s cartoons (none of which included behavior that is intimate intimate talk pertaining to nonheterosexuals either in 12 months), news mags . 3 Genres that tended to have the greatest proportions of programs with nonheterosexual content had been variety/comedy and film that is feature. Made-for-TV films and programs classified as вЂњotherвЂќ additionally had reasonably high proportions with nonheterosexual intimate content; but, both these groups included just a small amount of programs ), rendering it tough to draw conclusions about them. Consequently, although we consist of these second two genres into the tables, we try not to emphasize the findings connected with them.
Note: Within types of community and time of day aired, means within the column that is same don’t share subscripts vary at p 1 For simplicity of presentation, we utilize the term вЂњnonheterosexualвЂќ to refer collectively to all or any people whose intimate orientation isn’t solely heterosexual, including homosexual men, lesbians, and bisexuals of either intercourse.
2 The other sexual behavior category had been utilized to fully capture all the forms m.xxxstreams of intimate activities that didn’t fall under the categories specified flirting, kissing, intimate touching, sexual activity implied, and intercourse depicted including low-level intimate acts such as for example leering to high-level intimate acts such as for example masturbation and bondage and control.
4 Because our examples consist of programs from both broadcast that is commercial cable systems, we utilized a regular product range 2-minute periods each hour of system time in the place of wide range of 2-minute periods per 1-hour show to evaluate the regularity of sexual behavior and discuss sex linked to nonheterosexuals. This makes up about the fact commercials significantly lessen the amount of system content on broadcast networks to about 22 two-minute periods in a program that is one-hour whereas 1-hour cable programs routinely have about 30 two-minute periods.